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Wheat harvest before round two floods

Mitchell County wheat plots average 47 bushels

BELOIT – Farmers have had a difficult time finalizing this years wheat harvest with a repeat of heavy rains but they were able to hit the fields over the weekend before another round of flooding in the area.

After the area received over an inch of rain last week, they now add another 2.75 inches in Beloit. The Simpson, Asherville, Glasco area was hit hard for a second time this season with another 4 inches of rain on Sunday into today (Monday) morning as flood waters again took their toll. Jewell County received from 2 to 3.62 inches and the Glen Elder area from 2 to 3.60 inches.

The National Weather Service has now issued another Hazardous Weather Outlook for Phillips, Smith, Jewell, Rooks, Osborne and Mitchell counties in Kansas and for portions of south central Nebraska.

Lingering storms are possible today with flood warning in effect. Additional chances for thunderstorms are possible across the outlook area Tuesday at 30-50 percent through Friday and again on Sunday night.

As of last week, elevators reported their elevators were from 90-99 percent or completely finished with wheat harvest.

Beloit totaled 600,000 bushels at 99 percent complete as well at Asherville with 250,000 bushels; Scottsville 250,000. Glen Elder reported 95 percent complete with 2 millions bushels.

At 90 percent complete, Concordia reported 2.2 million bushels and Jamestown 85,000 bushels.

With a completed harvest, Mankato reported 100,000 bushels of wheat; Osborne 300,000; Randall 287,000; Jewell 412,000 and Tipton 430,000 bushels. Averages reported were from 30-45 percent bushels per acre. Now it is time to start evaluating the 2020 wheat varieties, according to Post Rock Extension District #1 Crop Production Agent, Sandra L. Wick.

"Clearly, the yield potential of a wheat variety is a top priority, but resistance to diseases and insect pests is also an important factor to consider when selecting a wheat variety," said Wick. "Producers are evaluating the performance of their 2020 wheat varieties and considering new varieties they should plant here in a couple of months. The Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings publication from K-State Research and Extension can help growers identify the best varieties for their farms. The publication also provides helpful summaries to help producers better understand the historical risk of diseases in their area and quickly identify the varieties with the best overall disease resistance.

Copies of the 2020 KSU Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings, can be found online on our Post Rock District website at https:// www.postrock.k-state.edu/ crops/ or at any of the Post Rock Extension District Offices.

The Post Rock Extension District had 4 wheat demonstration test plots in the district, including the Mitchell County plot which is an official K-State Research and Extension “replicated” plot which simply means varieties were planted multiply times in one specific area of the field. This particular yield report will be listed in the KSU wheat performance booklet. All of the yield reports are posted on our district website at www.postrock.ksu.edu and are available at any of our Post Rock Extension District Offices in Beloit, Lincoln, Mankato, Osborne or Smith Center. Be sure to also look at the K-State Research and Extension experiment field sites across Kansas with close fields in Belleville and Hays.

"If you are looking for an opportunity to participate in our Wheat demonstration test plot program, contact me at any of our Post Rock District Offices in Beloit, Lincoln, Mankato, Osborne or Smith Center, "Wick said.

Post Rock District wheat plots included Art Befort, Calvin Bohnert, Marty Fletchall, and Brent Harzman. The average of the Jewell County wheat plot was 43 bushels/acre and the Smith County wheat plot average was 51 bushels/acre. The KSU replicated wheat plot in Mitchell County averaged 47 bushels/acre. The Osborne County wheat plot was not harvested for yield due to weed pressure.

"The use of wheat variety blends is also a big question with producers," said Wick."Blends can offer producers some yield stability in most cases. While any one variety may do much better or worse than other varieties in the same vicinity, having a blend of two or three varieties can usually even out those ups and downs. Using blends also reduces the chances of having a landlord possibly upset because the variety planted yielded considerably less than other fields in the area." "There are just a few guidelines to remember when using blends. Use varieties with different disease resistance. Although the cost effectiveness of fungicides now may reduce the importance of this factor, there is still value to having at least one natural source of resistance to diseases. Use varieties with slightly different maturities. If producers can spread out the maturity just a bit, there is a better chance that at least one of the varieties can benefit from a given weather pattern. And lastly, don’t be afraid to try new varieties in a blend."

If you have additional questions on selecting wheat varieties contact Wick at any of the Post Rock Extension District Offices in Beloit, Lincoln, Mankato, Osborne or Smith Center.

Beloit Call

P.O. Box 309, Concordia, Ks. 66901

Phone: 785-738-3537